Jesus often spoke about different ages. But what stands out, at least to me, is that he only referred to two of them. He kept it simple. There was “this age”, and “the age to come.” Where that run afoul of many people’s doctrine is that they have all sorts of ages on their charts and diagrams, along with numerous theories that tie together what had seemed to be unrelated verses into a neat whole. 

The problem with that, is it ignores a simple yet foundational rule of hermeneutics: when interpreting a passage or passages, your interpret the difficult ones in light of the more straightforward ones. Start with the ones that we know, and then interpret the more complicated passages with the thought in mind that whatever you come up with as an answer cannot violate what is taught in the easy verses.

We can even put this principle to the test in interpreting biblical prophecy. We take the simple and plain teachings of Jesus in the Gospels and interpret the rest of prophecy in within that framework.

As stated above, Jesus talked about only two ages. We can jump into Daniel, Zechariah, Ezekiel and Revelation, but in the end, we had better have two ages or we missed it somewhere. We cannot come up with more than two ages and still be within the framework that Jesus set forth plainly. Yet folks end up with a Jewish Age, a Millennial Age, the age of miracles, and on and on ad nauseum. Let’s start with what Jesus did in fact say.

“Anyone who speaks a word against the Son of Man, it will be forgiven him; but whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit, it will not be forgiven him, either in this age or in the age to come.” Matthew 12:32

When Jesus talks about “this age”, he is obviously talking about the time right then. But notice what Jesus says about the age to come (singular). There would not be the opportunity to have sins forgiven. Let’s see where else Jesus talks about the ages.

“So Jesus answered and said, “Assuredly, I say to you, there is no one who has left house or brothers or sisters or father or mother or wife or children or lands, for My sake and the gospel’s, who shall not receive a hundredfold now in this time—houses and brothers and sisters and mothers and children and lands, with persecutions—and in the age to come, eternal life.
Mark 10:29-30  (emphasis mine)

Note that Jesus describes the “age to come” as one where true disciples will have eternal life.

Luke 18:40 recounts this same event and says the age to come is one which will feature those with eternal life. Why? Because the age to come is the eternal state in heaven. That fact wipes out a theory that is gaining in popularity called Full Preterism. This unusual doctrine teaches that all prophecy has already been fulfilled at the fall of Jerusalem and the destruction of the temple in 70 A.D. by the Romans. That event marked, they claim, the end of the Jewish Age, and the beginning of the Gentile Age.

The problem is, that is too many ages! We end up with the Jewish Age, the Gentile or Church Age, and the eternal state in heaven. To claim this is to go against the clear teaching from Jesus that there are only two ages, not three. It is this present world, and then eternity. This is even stated in the negative by Jesus.

So it will be at the end of the age. The angels will come forth, separate the wicked from among the just, and cast them into the furnace of fire. There will be wailing and gnashing of teeth.”
Matthew 13;49-50

There will be an individual judgment where some will be cast into the furnace “at the end of the age” Jesus says. That has not happened, and if it did already happen, He missed some!

No, the doctrine of Full Presterism does not stand up to Scripture without doing violence to the clear two age teaching of Jesus Christ.
The Second Coming of Christ has not already occurred, and we will spend the next and only other age in heaven or hell.

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