At the end of chapter 10 in the Gospel of John, Jesus clearly sets forth the doctrines of salvation, or as some call them the Doctrines of Grace. These doctrines are true, because the Bible records that Jesus taught them. So based in the Bible, not any teachers like Calvin or Spurgeon, we are obligated to believe them. 

But you don’t believe, because you are not of my sheep, as I told you.

Here is something that Jesus did NOT say. He did not say “you are not my sheep because you don’t believe.” No, he said they did not believe because they were not his sheep. Do you see the importance of that distinction? In that one sentence Jesus lays out the foundations of total depravity and unconditional election. Can someone make themselves a sheep by believing, or are they believing because Jesus made them his sheep?

Well fine, then how do we know who the sheep are?

My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me. I give eternal life to them. John 10:26

Those who are the Elect/sheep have the ability to hear the voice of Christ. He has a close, intimate relationship with them, which causes them to follow him. In that three part process, did you notice where we come into the picture? Our first active, rather than passive, part is to follow Jesus. He also gives us eternal life as a result.

They will never perish, and no one will snatch them out of my hand. My Father, who has given them to me, is greater than all. No one is able to snatch them out of my Father’s hand. John 10:28

At this point, someone usually says that while no outside force can steal us away, we have the option of losing our own salvation. Tell me, are you “someone”? Are you so powerful that you can extricate yourself from the Father’s hand? The most powerful force in the universe is actively holding onto us. We are eternally secure because we hear His voice and persevere to the end. In fact, it is only because of Christ’s keeping power that we are able to keep following at all.

So in chapter 10 of John, we see the Doctrines of Grace laid out for us by Jesus Christ himself. I dislike the acrostic of TULIP because it is imprecise but here is how it is given to us in John 10.

Total Inability (i.e. Total Depravity) – But you don’t believe, because you are not of my sheep (vs 26)

Unconditional Election – My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me. I give eternal life to them. (vs 27)

Particular Redemption (Limited Atonement) – I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep (vs 11)

Effectual Call (Irresistable Grace) – Again, verse 27. His sheep hear his voice and follow him. Period.

Perseverance of the Saints – They will never perish, and no one will snatch them out of my hand. My Father, who has given them to me, is greater than all. No one is able to snatch them out of my Father’s hand. (Vs 29)
 

 Jesus proclaims the Doctrines of Grace in john 10, and we should interpret the rest of Scripture on this subject in light of Jesus’ own words.

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